After doing useful amounts of German and Japanese listening, I did a little research into thinking and learning styles.
There are questionnaires that you can do online. (I did some.) There are papers you can read. (I skimmed through this one.)
My conclusion: It seems to me that people employ mainly left-brain methods. However, I’m more of a right-brain person. I don’t learn well if I ignore that and push myself to do the same things that others do.
Not only that, I actually believe that most people would learn languages better by incorporating some right-brain activity into their schedules.